Fennel. This herb is grown for its small, fragrant fruits (fennel seeds) and used as a seasoning. The large leaves of the fennel are eaten as a vegetable while the oil, extracted from its stem, is used in making candies and perfume. The plant is native to southern Europe and is widely cultivated in temperate and subtropical areas. Widely used in the UAE, it will be found in breads, mixed with ghee, an ingredient in bezar and in a powder form, used in certain fish dishes.