Niter kibbeh, niter kebbeh, or niter qibe (Ge'ez ንጥር ቅቤ niṭer ḳibē), also called tesmi (in Tigrinya), is a seasoned clarified butter used in Ethiopian cooking. Its preparation is similar to that of ghee, but niter kibbeh is simmered with spices such as cumin, coriander, turmeric, cardamom, cinnamon, or nutmeg before straining. This imparts a distinct spicy aroma to it.
In Somalia it is known as Subag Soomaali and is extensively produced and used in cooking in households and to preserve meats in nomadic culture. The ingredients are a bit different as Somalis use as well as fresh butter, garlic, cardamom and cloves.